ARTZI, YITZHAK


ARTZI, YITZHAK
ARTZI, YITZHAK (Herzig; 1920–2003), Zionist activist, Israeli politician, leader of Romanian Jewry in Israel. Born in Siret (Bukovina) into a ḥasidic family, Artzi received both a traditional and modern education, studying literature and philosophy at Onescu College for Jewish Students, Bucharest, Romania (1940–44). In 1931 he joined Pirḥei Agudat Israel, moving to Ha-No'ar ha-Ẓiyyoni in 1933 and becoming one of its leaders in 1940 after moving to Bucharest. In 1943 he was a member of Ezra (the commission for the aid and rescue of Jews deported to Transnistria) and in December 1943–January 1944 he was part of the official delegation sent to prepare   the return of Transnistria orphans to Romania. After World War II he reorganized Ha-No'ar ha-Ẓiyyoni and became a member of the Zionist Executive of Romania. In September 1946 he and his wife left Romania as illegal emigrants to Palestine, but were arrested and sent to Cyprus. They entered Palestine in September 1947. In 1948 Artzi was among the founders of kibbutz Allonei Abba. In 1951 he moved to Tel Aviv and in 1953–57 studied at the School of Law and Economics there, where he became a lawyer. In 1952 he worked at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and changed his name from Herzig to Artzi. From September 1953 to November 1955 he edited the Hebrew daily Zemanim. In 1958 he became general secretary of the Progressive Party, and after the founding of the Liberal Party (1961) became one of its two general secretaries. After the party split and the breakaway Independent Liberal Party was formed, Artzi became its general secretary (1965) and director of the Aliyat ha-No'ar Department of the Jewish Agency (1965–69). In 1974 he became deputy mayor and director of the Culture, Youth, and Sport Dept. of the Tel Aviv Municipality. Artzi remained a member of the Municipal Council of Tel Aviv until 1993. In 1984–88 he was a member of the Knesset. Artzi was active in the Claims Conference of the Jews against Germany. He encouraged the study of Romanian-Jewish history and the Holocaust, and was co-president of the Association of Romanian-born Jews in Israel; honorary president and columnist of the Romanian-language daily Ultima Ora, Tel Aviv; and president of the World Association of Bukovina-born Jews. In 1998 he published his memoirs in Hebrew, Davka Ẓiyyoni. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Artzi, Siret Shelanu (2003); Y. Govrin, in: Ultima Ora (Sept. 3, 2004), 9. (Lucian-Zeev Herscovici (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artzi — may refer to: People Shlomo Artzi (born 1949), Israeli folk rock singer songwriter and composer Yitzhak Artzi (1920–2003), Israel politician Companies Hed Arzi Music, Israeli music production, distribution, and import company This …   Wikipedia

  • Yitzhak Rabin — Jitzchak Rabin, 1986 Jitzchak Rabin (hebräisch ‏יצחק רבין‎;  * 1. März 1922 in Jerusalem; † 4. November 1995 in Tel Aviv) war Generalstabschef der israelischen Streitkräfte sowie Ve …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin — The assassination of Yitzhak Rabin took place on November 4, 1995, at 21:30, at the end of a rally in support of the Oslo Accords at the Kings of Israel Square in Tel Aviv. The assassinationAfter the rally, Rabin, the Israeli prime minister and… …   Wikipedia

  • Shlomo Artzi — Infobox musical artist Name = Shlomo Artzi Img capt = Shlomo Artzi in concert (2007) Img size = 300px Landscape = Background = group or band Alias = Origin = flagicon|Israel Alonei Abba, Israel Genre = Folk rock, Pop rock Years active = 1969… …   Wikipedia

  • Shlomo Artzi — en recital (2007) Datos generales Nacimiento 26 de noviembre de 1949 (61 años) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shlomo Artzi — en concert (2007) Pays d’origine Moshav Alonei Abba, Israël Genre musical …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Music of Israel — …   Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Netanyahu — בנימין נתניהו Prime Minister of Israel Incumbent Assumed office 31 March 2009 …   Wikipedia

  • Mapam — מפ ם Leader Meir Ya ari (1948 73) Ya akov Hazan Meir Talmi Victor Shem Tov Yair Tzaban Haim Oron Founded January 1948 Dissolved …   Wikipedia

  • Nava Semel — (Hebrew: נאוה סמל‎) is an Israeli and internationally published author, playwright, screen writer and translator. Contents 1 Biography 2 Books 3 Works for the stage and screen …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.